One of the main problems is insect pests. Today we will talk about reliant pest control.Of course, rodents can also do a lot of damage, but their role is much less. According to statistics, insect pests can cause losses of up to 40% of the harvest and mass death of fruit plants and trees.
Basic principles of garden pest control:
- Create the most favorable conditions for the life of garden plants and their natural protectors on your lawn
- Create the least favorable conditions for the life of pests, so it does not contradict the first principle
To follow the principles of garden reliant pest control, you need to know:
- You need to understand the conditions optimal for growing specific plant species. In addition, the plants should correspond as much as possible to the region in which the lawn is located. The more natural a plant is for a lawn, the easier it will be to provide it with good living conditions.
- You need to know the species and number of pests and their natural enemies in the area. To obtain this information, special research is required.
Methods of reliant pest control in the garden
The following methods can be used to plan and control pests in the garden:
Agrotechnical methods of reliant pest control
Responding to the basic principles outlined, these methods are based on the biology of plants and insect pests. Reproduction of most insects goes through complete metamorphosis. This is the name of the development cycle, which includes stages of eggs, larvae, pupa and imago (an adult insect laying eggs). In this case, the main damage is usually caused by the larvae. The larvae or pupa of most insect pests overwinter under tree bark or in the ground near their roots.
Accordingly, effective control methods are available:
- Dyeing and removal of the old, peeling bark of the lower parts of tree, which makes it difficult for larvae and pupae wintering under the bark.
- Loosening of the soil throughout the garden and especially in the root zone of the plants (this breaks the thermal insulation of larvae wintering in the ground and improves ventilation of the roots, but it is important not to damage them)
- Removal of fallen fruit from the ground and complete removal of ripe fruit from trees and shrubs, which deprives larvae and pupae of food and “home”.
- Pruning and thinning of the tree crown, using climate-adapted, healthy and resistant planting material
- Proper positioning and grouping of plants on the lawn
- Competent and timely fertilization of plants, increasing their stability and vitality, removal of fallen leaves, depriving larvae and pupae of thermo-insulating layer, nutrition and “home”.
Biological methods of reliant pest control
Based on the use of natural enemies of parasitic insects biological control methods:
- Attraction to the garden of insectivored birds, which can destroy insects at all stages of development
- Attraction and settlement of parasitic insects that lay eggs in the larvae of insect pests, feed on them, etc.
- Infestation of parasitic fungi that are harmless to plants and humans, but deadly to insects
- The use of bacterial preparations that cause insect pest diseases. This method is particularly effective in combination with chemical treatment. It is important that the concentration of chemical insecticides required for the cumulative effect is ten times lower, because the main goal is not destruction, but the weakening of insect pests. As a result, their ability to withstand bacterial infections is reduced.
Physical and chemical methods of reliant pest control
It consists of collecting nests and larvae of pests from trees, collecting and destroying affected fruits and leaves, tying up trap on trees, which pests take it “by mistake” for optimal places for wintering. This also includes the use of various traps mentioned above.
Chemical methods of reliant pest control
These are the most controversial methods. They conclude the use of various insecticides, both artificial (a rather dangerous method that requires a high level of skill, because chemicals can be dangerous to humans) and natural origin. When using chemical insecticides, it is very important that the dosage of the drugs is correctly maintained, that they are used correctly, and that the combination of these drugs is correct.
Only a competent combination of all the above methods allows you to effectively fight insects and pests. The key to success is the correct definition of the complex of necessary measures and species composition of pests.